United Sabah Party

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United Sabah Party
Malay nameParti Bersatu Sabah
ڤرتي برساتو سابه
Chinese name沙巴團結黨
沙巴团结党
Shābā tuánjiédǎng
AbbreviationPBS
PresidentMaximus Ongkili
ChairpersonClaudius Alex Sundang
Secretary-GeneralJoniston Bangkuai[1]
Deputy PresidentsRadin Malleh
Yee Moh Chai
Jahid Jahim[2]
Women ChiefMalianah Ugau[3]
Youth ChiefChristopher Mandut
Vice-PresidentsJoachim Gunsalam
Linda Tsen
Daniel Isidore Stanislaus Kinsik
Johnny Juani Mositun
Ruslan Muharam
Peter Mak
Almudin Kaida]]
Joseph Lee Han Khyun
Mursid Mohd Rais[4]
Treasurer-GeneralLu Kim Yen[5]
FounderJoseph Pairin Kitingan
Founded5 March 1985
Split fromSabah People's United Front
HeadquartersBlok ‘M’, Lot 4, Tingkat 2 & 3, Donggongon New Township, Donggongon, 89507 Penampang
(Peti Surat 13060, 88834 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah)
Youth wingYouth Section
Women's wingWomen Section
IdeologyRegionalism]
Kadazan-Dusun interests
Multiracialism
National affiliationGagasan Rakyat (1991–96)
Barisan Nasional (1985–1990, 2002–2018)
United Alliance (since 2018)
Perikatan Nasional (allied party, since 2020)
Colours  Light blue and green
Dewan Negara:
1 / 70
Dewan Rakyat:
1 / 222
Sabah State Legislative Assembly:
7 / 79
Party flag
United Sabah Party Flag.svg
Website
www.partibersatusabah.org

The United Sabah Party (Malay: Parti Bersatu Sabah, abbreviated PBS) is a political party of Sabah, Malaysia. It was registered as a political party on 5 March 1985. The founding President is Joseph Pairin Kitingan, who broke away from the ruling Parti Bersatu Rakyat Jelata Sabah because of his differences with party president Harris Salleh, the Chief Minister in whose cabinet Pairin served before the break.[6][7]

Ideology and support base[edit]

Although it is mainly seen as an ethnically-based Kadazan-Dusun political party, PBS calls itself a "Malaysian multi-racial political party"[8][9] in which members are mostly of Kadazan-Dusun (from both the Dusunic plus Paitanic ethnolinguistic groups) and Murut (including the Lundayeh subgroup) ethnic descent though the second and third largest ethnic membership are mostly Muslim Bumiputeras, mostly ethnic local Sabahan based ethnic Malay race (Bruneian Malays and Cocos Malays), and also from the Bajau community of peoples, which is the second-largest ethnic Bumiputra in the state including the Iranun subgroup and some Suluk together with the Chinese (alongside those of mixed-race or "Sino-Native" subgroup of the Chinese minority) and its declared political mission is to strive to safeguard Sabah's autonomy and states rights, promote democratic principles, economic advancement, human rights, and justice.[10]

History[edit]

PBS formed the state government after winning the 1985 state elections and governed Sabah from 1985 to 1994.[7] Following the 1986 Sabah riots,[6] PBS joined the Barisan Nasional coalition after winning the May 1986 state election.[11] However, on the eve of the July 1990 state election, PBS pulled out of the coalition[11] and won the state election for a third time. It also won the 1994 state elections by a narrow margin. However, numerous defections occurred as many PBS representatives switched allegiance to the then opposition BN coalition before PBS were even able to form a new state government. PBS subsequently rejoined the BN coalition in 2002, ending any form of opposition as BN fully occupied the state legislature and returning Sabah to the rule of the BN coalition that holds the federal parliament. Following the fall of BN in the 2018 general election, PBS left the coalition and formed a new Sabah-based coalition of United Alliance (Gabungan Bersatu).[12]

Elected representatives[edit]

Dewan Negara (Senate)[edit]

Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)[edit]

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian Parliament[edit]

PBS has currently only 1 MP in the House of Representatives.

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
 Sabah P168 Kota Marudu Maximus Ongkili PBS
Total Sabah (1)

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)[edit]

Malaysian State Assembly Representatives[edit]

Sabah State Legislative Assembly

7 / 79
State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
 Sabah N05 Matunggong Julita Mojungki PBS
N07 Tandek Hendrus Anding PBS
N12 Tamparuli Jahid Noordin Jahim PBS
N15 Kiulu Joniston Lumai @ Bangkuai PBS
N34 Lumadan Ruslan Muharam PBS
N36 Kundasang Joachim Gunsalam PBS
N47 Telupid Jonnybone J Kurum PBS
Total Sabah (7)

PBS state governments[edit]

State Leader type Member Party State Constituency
 Sabah Deputy Chief Minister III Joachim Gunsalam PBS Kundasang

Election results[edit]

Election year Malaysia Parliament Sabah State Assembly Outcome
Candidates Seats won Candidates Seats won
1985 - - 45
25 / 48
Increase25 seats; Sabah state governing coalition
(with PASOK)
1986 - - 47
34 / 48
Increase9 seats; Sabah state government
Snap election
1986 14
10 / 177
- - Increase10 seats; Federal governing coalition
(Barisan Nasional)
1990 - - 48
36 / 48
Increase2 seats; Sabah state government
(Barisan Nasional, contested under PBS ticket)
1990 14
14 / 180
- - Increase4 seats; Federal opposition coalition
(left BN before polling day to join Gagasan Rakyat)
1994 - - 48
25 / 48
Decrease11 seats; Sabah state government
1995 28
8 / 192
- - Decrease6 seats; Federal opposition
1999 - - 48
17 / 48
Decrease6 seats; Sabah state opposition
1999 17
3 / 193
- - Decrease5 seats; Federal opposition
2004 4
4 / 219
13
13 / 60
Increase1 seat; Federal governing coalition
(Barisan Nasional)
Decrease4 seats; Sabah state governing coalition
(BN Sabah)
2008 4
3 / 222
13
12 / 60
Decrease1 seat; Federal governing coalition
(Barisan Nasional)
Decrease1 seat; Sabah state governing coalition
(BN Sabah)
2013 5
4 / 222
13
7 / 60
Increase1 seat; Federal governing coalition
(Barisan Nasional)
Decrease5 seats; Sabah state governing coalition
(BN Sabah)
2018 5
1 / 222
13
6 / 60
Decrease3 seat; Federal opposition coalition
(United Alliance)
Decrease1 seat; Sabah state opposition coalition
(United Alliance)
2020 - - 22
7 / 73
Increase1 seat; Sabah state governing coalition
(Gabungan Rakyat Sabah, with PN and BN)
Snap election

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.facebook.com/arthur.sen.9/posts/4289684461058689
  2. ^ https://www.facebook.com/BersatuPBS/posts/4306857569329392
  3. ^ https://www.partibersatusabah.org/majlis-eksekutif
  4. ^ https://www.facebook.com/BersatuPBS/posts/4306857569329392
  5. ^ https://www.partibersatusabah.org/majlis-eksekutif
  6. ^ a b Gan Pei Ling (14 September 2012). "The hushed riot of Sabah". Selangor Times. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b Mohd Hamdan Haji Adnan (2013). "Malaysia's 13th General Election in Sabah: Factors Determining the Winners" (PDF). Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysian Journal of History, Politics & Strategic Studies. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 96–97 [4–5/20]. ISSN 2180-0251. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Resurgence of interest in multi-racial PBS". The Borneo Post. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  9. ^ Jason Santos (24 February 2018). "Multi-racial party not new in Sabah". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  10. ^ "PBS to strengthen multiracial identity". The Borneo Post. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b G. Lim. "Sabah: All Quiet On The Eastern Front?". Aliran Monthly. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  12. ^ Kristy Inus (12 May 2018). "Sabah BN coalition to be disbanded to pave way for Gabungan Bersatu". New Straits Times. Retrieved 13 May 2018.

Notes[edit]

  • James Chin. (1994) "Sabah State Election of 1994: End of Kadazan Unity, Asian Survey, Vol. 34, No. 10, pp. 904–915.

External links[edit]